The cannabis industry has taken a shift from a traditional atmosphere to a legal and controlled field. It, in turn, has paved the way for trained scientist and engineers to come up with customized equipment and guaranteed safe techniques as CBD-related operations expand. The use of CBD oil has scaled up even though the number of smokers is gradually reducing. It is due to the increase in the use of inhalation methods like the dabs and vapes. These techniques clearly show that people want to benefit from the cannabis plant but don’t want to smoke from it directly. Furthermore, concentrated marijuana oil products contain a vast amount of cannabinoids in lesser, more inconspicuous packets.
Making these latest products demand a high level of proficiency in chemical extraction and CBD oil purification. It is one problem that Cannabis farmers have long been worried. With the help of engineers, now, the crops can make different consumer products. Plant extractions start with pounding the crop and immersing it in a liquid to suck out the desired constituents. The mainly used solvents are ethanol, supercritical CO2, butane, and hydrocarbons. The marijuana plant has an array of chemicals that contribute to not only the drug factor but also the flavor and aroma of the final product. Butane solvent effectively extracts out the terpenes and cannabinoids at the same time, flouting the chlorophyll molecules, which tend to have an undesired grassy characteristic in the final product. Selecting the preferred solvent will depend on the desired consumer product.
Shane Lander, one of the founders of Soma Labs, made his extractor, which he described as less expensive, light, and more efficient. The engineer says that the Boss does not demand months of training to know how to operate. Soma Labs is currently providing extraction services and also sells the CO2 extractor. The device reclaims the waste energy by using a heat pump to recycle it back to the machine. Typical extractors have separate heat and cooling system, and the surplus energy gets expelled to the room. According to the Lander, the extractor recovers 40% energy, in turn, minimizing the footprint and electricity consumption by 25% with similar output. The extractor also has a clean-in-place system, which reduces downtime needed for frequent cleaning maintenance.
Other than the use of solvents and CO2, Radient technologies employ microwaves to pull out the oil from organic cannabis. Destroying the crop material with microwaves warms it quickly and permits accurate control over the duration the material gets heated. According to Steven Splinter, CTO of Radient, this technique is an advantage when compared with the others in creating commercial-scale facilities. Another advantage of this method is that different materials warm up differently. It permits the drawing out of the wanted terpenes and cannabinoids without pulling out unwanted pigments and waxes. The technique consumes less solvent and involves less post-processing compared with the conventional methods. Extract analysis reveals that the terpene and cannabinoid profiles present in the material remain in the extract.